AV138

High speed data conversion& signal processing solutions
AV138
Module

Phased Array Radar Transceiver - EW-ESM/ECM - MIMO

3U VPX
ZYNQ UltraScale+ RFSoC
Quad 12-bit 4 Gsps / 14-bit 5 Gsps ADC
Quad 14-bit 6 Gsps / 14-bit 10 Gsps DAC
Conduction or Air-Cooled

  • 4 channels 12-bit 4 Gsps / 14-bit 5 Gsps ADC
  • 4 channels 14-bit 6 Gsps / 14-bit 10 Gsps DAC
  • Two Ultra Low jitter clock synthesizers
  • External or internal sampling clock
  • User programmable Xilinx® ZYNQ® Ultrascale+™ ZU25DR / ZU27DR / ZU47DR RFSoC
  • One bank up to 1G64 DDR4-2400 SDRAM
  • One 1TB NVMe embedded SSD
  • 3U OpenVPX standard compliant
  • Air cooled and Conduction cooled rugged versions

Functions

  • ADC
  • FPGA Processing
  • DAC

Applications

  • Phased Array Radar Transceiver
  • EW-ESM/ECM - MIMO

Datasheet

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The AV138 is part of ApisSys’ range of High-Speed data conversion and signal processing solutions based on the VITA 46, VPX standard.

The AV138 is fully compliant with OpenVPX standard, accommodating various communication protocols such as PCIe, SRIO, 1 Gbit and XAUI 10 Gbit Ethernet, as well as non OpenVPX adopted standard such as Aurora.

The AV138 includes one Xilinx® ZYNQ® Ultrascale+™ RFSoC, GEN 1 XCZU25DR or XCZU27DR or GEN 3 XCZU47DR with the minimum external resources for low power applications.

The AV138 features four channels 12-bit 4.096 Gsps ADC and four channels 14-bit 6.554 Gsps DAC or four channel 14-bit 5 Gsps ADC and four channels 14-bit 10 Gsps DAC with optimized analog performances, making it ideally suited for embedded signal processing applications such as Electronic Warfare, Wideband Radar Transmitter/Receivers or Wideband Communication applications.

The AV138 features one internal ultra-low jitter reference and two clock synthesizers and can be used with external reference for higher flexibility.

The AV138 Xilinx® ZYNQ® Ultrascale+™ RFSoC XCZU27DR or XCZU47DR provides an impressive processing capability of more than 5.5 TMACs (Multiply Accumulate per second), four 1333 MHz Arm Cortex-A53 cores, one 512M64 or 1G64 DDR4-2400 SDRAM memory for data processing, two 2 Gb synchronous FLASH memory for program boot and one 1TB NVMe embedded SSD. The AV138 can also be fitted with one Xilinx® ZYNQ® Ultrascale+™ XCZU25DR.

The AV138 provides one GbE, one UART and one USB 2.0 interfaces.

The AV138 comes with complete software drivers for Windows and Linux. An FPGA Development Kit is provided including all necessary cores to build user FPGA application.

14-bit 5 Gsps Analog-Digital Converter

The AV138 supports four Analog to Digital conversion channels from the RFSoC with up to 14-bit 5 Gsps conversion rate on the GEN 3 device and 12-bit 4.096 Gsps on the GEN 1 devices. The AV138 provides four front panel SMPM connectors for analog inputs. Single ended input signals are AC coupled with an input bandwidth from 1 MHz to more than 6 GHz with 10 dBm input level. Internal Loopback from the DAC outputs allows for stand-alone calibration.

14-bit 10 Gsps Digital-Analog Converter

The AV138 supports four Digital to Analog conversion channels from the RFSoC with up to 14-bit 10 Gsps conversion rate on the GEN 3 device and 14-bit 6.554 Gsps on the GEN 1 devices. The AV138 provides four front panel SMPM connectors for analog outputs. Single ended output signals are AC coupled with an ouput bandwidth from 1 MHz to more than 6 GHz with -8 dBm output level.

Clock

The AV138 provides one ultra-low jitter clock synthesizer for the ADC channels and one ultra-low jitter clock synthesizer for the DAC channels, both locked on a common 100 MHz internal reference or on the external reference. The AV138 supports a 10 to 200 MHz external reference input either from a front panel SMPM connector or from the VPX P2 Connector. A reference output is available on a front panel SMPM connector and on VPX P2.

RFSoC

The AV138 is fitted with a Xilinx® ZYNQ® Ultrascale+™ GEN1 XCZU25DR, XCZU27DR or GEN3 XCZU47DR user programmable RFSoC. Only few resources are used to control and communicate with external hardware such as VPX Interface or clock synthesizers, leaving most of the logic, block RAM, Ultra RAM and all DSP resources available for customer processing. Dedicated to signal processing, the Xilinx® ZYNQ® Ultrascale+™ XCZU27DR or XCZU47DR RFSoC include 930 K logics cells, 38 Mbit of RAM blocs, 22.5 Mbit of Ultra RAM, 2 PCIe GEN3x16 interface blocs and 4,272 DSP48 slices for an impressive processing power of more than 5.5 TMACs. The RFSoC is delivered in -2 speed grade.

VPX Interface

The AV138 features an OpenVPX VITA 65 compliant interface with support for two Fat Pipes for Data Plane connected to the RFSoC Programmable Logic. The AV138 also supports one GbE interface configurable as 1000BASE-T or 1000BASE-BX, one UART and one USB2.0 interfaces connected to the RFSoC Processing System. The AV138 features 18 LVDS differential pairs configurable as 36 single-ended LVCMOS on P2. The AV138 features one low phase noise clock generator able to synthesize clock references for the RFSoC GTRs and GTYs, allowing support of all major protocols such as Aurora, GigE, PCIe Gen 1, 2 and 3, SATA, SRIO and XAUI 10Gbit Ethernet up to 25.785 Gbps.

Memories

The AV138 includes one 512M64, with support for up to 1G64, DDR4-2400 SDRAM memory bank connected to the RFSoC Processing System. The AV138 features two 2 Gbit QSPI FLASH memories used to store the RFSoC boot files and Programmable Logic configuration files. A 512GB or 1TB NVMe SSD is connected to the RFSoC Processing System embedded PCIe interface for data storage.

Software and Firmware

The AV138 is delivered with a Linux distribution for the Arm Cortex-A53 cores. The AV138 comes with a firmware package which includes VHDL cores allowing for control and communication with all AV138 hardware resources. A base design is provided which demonstrates the use of the AV138 and gives users a starting point for firmware development. The AV138 firmware package is supported on the Xilinx® VIVADO® 2019.2.

Software

The AV138 is delivered with a Linux BSP.

Ruggedization

The AV138 is delivered in air cooled and conduction cooled standard or rugged versions for use in severe environmental conditions. Standard VITA 47 supported ruggedization levels are EAC4, EAC6, ECC3 and ECC4.

AV138 - Architecture

Analog Input/Output

Input Coupling: AC
Full power bandwidth: > 3.5 GHz (GEN1)
Full power bandwidth: > 6 GHz (GEN3)
Full scale: 10 dBm
Output Coupling: AC
Full power bandwidth: > 4 GHz (GEN1)
Full power bandwidth: > 6 GHz (GEN3)
Full scale: -8 dBm
Impedance: 50 Ohm
Connectors: SMPM

Analog-Digital Conversion

GEN 3:
four channels, 14-bit Fs ≤ 5 GHz
NSD: -144 dBFS/Hz
SFDR: 80 dBc (TBC, excl. H2 and H3)
GEN 1:
four channels, 12-bit Fs ≤ 4.096 GHz
NSD: -150 dBFS/Hz
SFDR: > 73 dBc (excl. H2 and H3)

Digital-Analog Conversion

GEN 3:
four channels, 14-bit Fs ≤ 10 GHz
NSD: -155 dBFS/Hz
SFDR: 80 dBc (TBC, excl. H2, H3 and Fs/2)
GEN 1:
four channels, 14-bit Fs ≤ 6.554 GHz
NSD: -145 dBFS/Hz
SFDR: > 67 dBc (excl. H2, H3 and Fs/2)

Clock

Internal:
One 100 MHz ultra-low phase noise clock reference
Two ultra-low jitter clock synthesizers, 500 MHz to 10 GHz
External reference:
Frequency: 10 MHz to 200 MHz
Connector: SMPM, 50 Ohm and VPX P2.

Xilinx ZYNQ Ultrascale+ RFSoC

XCZU25DR -1FFVE1156I
XCZU27DR -1FFVE1156I
XCZU47DR -1FFVE1156I

Memory

One bank 512M64 DDR4 SDRAM, 1200 MHz clock
Support up to two banks 1G64 DDR4 SDRAM
One 2 Gbit QSPI FLASH memory
One 512 GB or 1 TB NVMe SSD on PCIe GEN2 x2

VPX interface

P1:
Data plane: two fat pipes
Control plane: one ultra-thin pipe for 1000BASE-BX
One thin pipe for 1000BASE-T
User-defined ultra-thin pipes: UQRT qnd USB2.0
P2:
18 LVDS differential pairs, configurable as 36 LVCMOS

Firmware support

VHDL cores for all hardware resources
Base design
Supported by Xilinx VIVADO 2019.2

Software support

Software:
Linux 646bits for Arm Cortex-A53 cores

Ruggedization

As per VITA 47:
Air cooled : EAC4 and EAC6
Conduction cooled : ECC4

Power dissipation

+12V: 6.5 A max (78W)
+5V: 0 A max (0W)
+3.3V: 0 A max (0W)
+3.3VAUX: 0.6 A max (2W)

Weight

Air cooled : 550g
Conduction cooled : 650g
Part Number
A V 138 - rr - a
Ruggedization level

Air Standard

Air Rugged

Conduction Rugged

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

AS

AR

CR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Options 1

ZYNQ Ultrascale+ RFSoC ZU25DR

ZYNQ Ultrascale+ RFSoC ZU27DR

ZYNQ Ultrascale+ RFSoC ZU47DR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

3

  Air flow, Standard
AS (VITA 47 EAC4)  
Air flow, Rugged
AR (VITA 47 EAC6)  
Conduction Standard
CS (VITA 47 ECC3)  
Conduction Rugged
CR (VITA47 ECC4)  
Operating
Temperature
0°C to +55°C (1)
(10 CFM airflow at sea level)
-40 to +70ºC (1)
(20 CFM airflow at sea level)
-40°C to +70°C
(Card Edge)
-40°C to +85°C
(Card Edge)
Non Operating Temperature -40°C to +85°C -50°C to +100°C -50°C to +100°C -55°C to +105°C
Operating
Vibration
(Random)
5Hz - 100Hz +3 dB/octave
100Hz-1kHz = 0.04 g2/Hz
1kHz - 2kHz -6 dB/octave
5Hz - 100Hz +3 dB/octave
100Hz - 1kHz = 0.04 g2/Hz
1kHz - 2kHz -6 dB/octave
5Hz - 100Hz +3 dB/octave
100Hz - 1kHz = 0.1 g2/Hz
1kHz - 2kHz -6 dB/octave
5Hz - 100Hz +3 dB/octave
100Hz - 1kHz = 0.1 g2/Hz
1kHz - 2kHz -6 dB/octave
Operating Shock 20g, 11 millisecond, half-sine 20g, 11 millisecond, half-sine 40g, 11 millisecond, half-sine 40g, 11 millisecond, half-sine
Operating
Relative Humidity
0% to 95%
non-condensing
0% to 95%
non-condensing
0% to 95%
non-condensing
0% to 95%
non-condensing
Operating
Altitude
@ 0 to 10,000 ft
with adequate airflow
@ 0 to 30,000 ft
with adequate airflow
@ 0 to 30,000 ft @ 0 to 60,000 ft
Conformal Coating No Optional (default acrylic AVR80) Yes (default acrylic AVR80) Yes (default acrylic AVR80)
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State of the art
Reliable
Performance
Time to market
Cost